The term "Scratch," as applied to a pocketing the cue ball, was derived from the penalty assessed for such a foul.
In pool's early days, the score was often kept on a chalkboard.
When a player pocketed the cue ball, his opponent scratched a point off the shooter's score.
In the mid- 1890's, Frances Anderson, proclaimed herself as "The Champion Woman Billiard Player" as she traveled throughout the country offering $5,000 to any woman who could beat her.
In her late 50s Ms. Anderson tragically took her own life at a hotel room in Newton, KS after determining that she was no longer pretty" and her exhibitions no longer in demand.
In one of her stockings was left a note that said, "Do what you will with my body, but don't let the world know my secret.
At the mortuary, the secret was discovered - Frances was a man.
Do YOU dare Share this secret with the world?
The Church has long been a part of billiard history.
From it's earliest days, the game was often denounced as a sinful, dangerous and morally corrupt activity.
In 15th century France, billiards play was forbidden, by the Church, as well as the King. In early American history, actual laws were passed (due to religious influences) outlawing the game in many parts of the land.
Masako Katsura (1913–1995), nicknamed "Katsy" and sometimes called the "First Lady of Billiards", was a Japanese carom billiards player who was most active in the 1950s. Katsura blazed a trail for women in the sport by competing and placing among the best in the male-dominated world of professional billiards.
First learning the game from her brother-in-law and then under the tutelage of Japanese champion Kinrey Matsuyama, Katsura became Japan's only female professional player. In competition in Japan she took second place in the country's national three-cushion billiards championship three times.
In exhibition she was noted for running 10,000 points at the game of straight rail.
After marrying a U.S. Army non-commissioned officer in 1950, Katsura emigrated with him to the United States in 1951.
There she was invited to play in the 1952 U.S.-sponsored World Three-Cushion Championship, ultimately taking seventh place at that competition. Katsura was the first woman ever to be included in any world billiards tournament. Her fame cemented, Katsura went on an exhibition tour of the United States with 8-time world champion Welker Cochran, and later with 51-time world champion Willie Hoppe. In 1953 and 1954 she again competed for the world three-cushion crown, taking fifth and fourth places respectively.
Little was seen of Katsura for the next few years.